Tips on quoting paraphrasing and summarising

Integrating information and ideas from sources into your writing is a complex task, involving several skills. Previously, none of these countries had American-style fast-food chains. Always check your version with the original.

This handout is intended to help you become more comfortable with the uses of and distinctions among quotations, paraphrases, and summaries.

Below is a paraphrase of the extract using the Harvard style of referencing. For example, it consists of fewer than about 30 words when using the Harvard style, and fewer than 40 words when using the APA style. You might use them to: In this resource, you'll learn how to write about the visual choices that directors make to craft cinematic masterpieces.

They will also become aware of the different demands of various disciplines and even the different requirements from subject to subject, argues Morley-Warnerp.

The examples of summaries, paraphrases and quotes below have been created from the following extract: The text further states that Often you are referring to a text in greater detail than you would in a summary. In his famous and influential work The Interpretation of Dreams, Sigmund Freud argues that dreams are the "royal road to the unconscious" pageexpressing in coded imagery the dreamer's unfulfilled wishes through a process known as the "dream-work" page.

This is common for block quotes but not always necessary. The writer introduces the quotation and does not simply reproduce it.

What are the differences among quoting, paraphrasing, and summarizing? Paraphrasing Paraphrasing is the rewording of a short passage from a text, in roughly the same number of words.

The author's style is clear and engaging The author's views support your own exactly When it is important that your reader knows exactly what an author has said about a topic Tips for using direct quotations It is best to use small quotations as it means that you can make an evaluation on a single idea rather than many ideas Enclose the quotation in quotation marks either single or double are fine, but be consistent If you do quote more than three lines of text, indent the whole quotation you do not need quotation marks when you do this If you do not need to use all of the quotation, then you can use ellipses [ Paraphrased material is usually shorter than the original passage, taking a somewhat broader segment of the source and condensing it slightly.

She describes another benefit of this process: The text is condensed without losing the essence of the material. Page numbers should be provided if the summarised material appears in specific pages, chapters or sections, rather than if the summary is of an entire work.

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Jot down the main points. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. Only the main point has been included.

Paraphrasing, summarising and quoting

The sentence structure and the vocabulary of the original have been changed but many of the technical terms remain, e.

They must match the source document word for word and must be attributed to the original author. They will also become aware of the different demands of various disciplines and even the different requirements from subject to subject, argues Morley-Warnerp.

Morley-Warner, TAcademic writing is…: Why is this a good paraphrase? Paraphrasing Paraphrasing enables you to incorporate the ideas of other writers in your field into your own writing.

These three ways of incorporating other writers' work into your own writing differ according to the closeness of your writing to the source writing. Morley-Warner discusses how university students can learn to acquire and convey the appropriate academic tone in their assignments.

This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Summarising It is often useful to summarise a passage, or even an entire article or book.

An appropriate citation is provided in this case in Harvard style. Below is a summary from the above extract using the Harvard style of referencing.A distinctive characteristic of academic writing is that it is based on reading and research, and that it discusses the ideas and findings of other writers.

As a student writer, therefore, it is essential that you know how to discuss the work of other writers and researchers, and correctly.

A SERIES OF ONLINE TUTORIAL FOR YOUR RESEARCH NEEDS. eLearn Centre is an e-learning portal where you can gain new research knowledge and skills. The most commonly used methods of doing so are summarizing, paraphrasing and quoting.

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Summarizing A summary is generally much shorter than the original and is a very effective way of giving the reader the gist of a piece of text without having to read it completely.5/5().

What is summarising? Summarising involves taking the main ideas from a piece of text and rewriting them in your own words. A summary is significantly shorter than the original text and tends to give an overview of a topic area.

Summarising, paraphrasing & quoting

Tips on Summarizing Tips on Paraphrasing Three common techniques used to work other people's words and ideas into your writing are quoting, paraphrasing and summarizing. What is it? Quoting: Using the author's exact words. Always cite it and use "quotation marks.".

Our fun animated videos will help develop your study skills, whether or not you're a distance learner. Topics include: quoting, paraphrasing and summarising; critical thinking skills; listening.

Tips on quoting paraphrasing and summarising
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